~L~

land: (n.) fvil 

large: (adj.) lasendt 

lake: (n.) aehnne 

last: (adj.) fvau (last attained), heith (last among several) 

later: (v.) llifv 'more late', akden (akdn) 'at a later time' 

laugh: (n.) aeir 

laugh: (v.) aerlai 

leave behind: (v.) haenither (also cast off/out/away, grow beyond) 

leg: (n.) ehoma 

legion: (n.) khellrea (A unit of ~8 divisions) 

lheollah: (v.) exile 

lie: (v.) thrad (to tell a falsehood) 

lieutenant: (n.) Arrain (lit. Centurion, equivalent rank), vajerha (as a second in command, confidant) 

lift: (v.) ustal (to raise physically), lhaerrh (to raise in status, confidence, etc.) 

like: (v.) mnekiir 

listen: (v.) shiefvu (common), vaed'rae (lit. Hear me, attend me) (formal) 

liver: (n.) tahn'soh (medical), tahnari (common) 

llaess: (n.) boot (plural llaesn) 

locality: (n.) sivas (a specific location or region) 

look: (v.) hren, "look [at] this" ta hrenn 

loose: (adj.) vnau (as opposed to captured, held), agoa (as in not tight) 

love: (n.) heis'he 

lung: (n.) ohn'soh (medical), ohneir (common) 

lymph organ: (n.) wah'soh (medical), wahkir (common) 

~M~

machine: (n.) etrehh 

madam: (n.) lhhei (formal term of address) 

malt: (n.) kheh (a grain used in the making of Rihannsu Ale) 

marriage: (n.) d'anna 

master: (n.) alha 

me: (n.) Arhem (see 'I') 

medical science: (n.) hiifve'afwe 

medicine: (n.) hiifven 

mercantile: (adj.) ilnethei 

merchant: (n.) ilnetha 

mercy: (n.) teillh 

message: (n.) hannam [hannar], (poss. hannem [hannen] ) 

messenger: (n.) fhuokha 

mess-up: (n.) whoi (very vulgar, more akin to 'fu-- up') 

military: (adj.) phiraifv, (sometimes shortened to phi') 

military: (n.) reghaih 

military brigade: (n.) hauol'niykmar 

military service: (n.) arianofv 

minute: (n.) siure 

molecular: (adj.) ochghifvh 

money: (n.) chaghe 

monster-ghost: (n.) aehallh (sometimes nightmare) 

moon: (n.) aidoann (also a proper name); fvurass (satellite, astrophysical rather than celestial term) 

month: (n.) khaidoa (calendar month) 

more: (n.) khei 

mountain: (n.) thaliij 

murder: (n.) llaekh 

must: (adv.) mnaeri 

mutilate: (v.) qafhumh 

~N~

name: (n.) fvadni 

near: (adj.) ler 

negotiation: (n.) thaiin 

negotiator: (n.) thaiina 

nest: (n.) narvas 

net: (n.) eoth (also used of computer systems, 

neutral zone: (n.) Avrrhinui ('Outmarches', has an implication of a necessarily defended but
seldom-exciting border assignment) 

new: (adj.) aihsa 

news: (n.) mne 

next: (adj.) onre 

nickname: (n.) rehei (actually a highly personal name one chooses for oneself, and shares only with
close family. Rihannsu do not use shortened forms of names, as it is not considered proper to
mishandle them.) 

night: (n.) temar 

no: (adv.) dhat (common), hia (Emphatic, "Oh no!") 

non: (adj.) ihlan (or not, lacking, etc.) 

now: (adv.) stev; (n.) lla (stand alone imperative, 'Now!') , theah (not imperative) 

~O~

observe: (v.) firhai, "- caution" ahrrein'firh 

ocean: (n.) aekhwinarrae 

odd: (adj.) lhamhe 

office: (n.) hnahfvier 

offal: (n.) hnaev, (Also an interjection of disapproval, discouragement) 

old: (adj.) ira 

on: (v.) rhae (to switch on or begin) 

operate: (v.) ifvhe (as machinery, a device, etc.) 

or: (conj.) neth (two items), nah'lai (many items, see 'either') 

orange: (adj.) khoey 

outcast: (n.) k'manatran 

outer: (adj.) nnui (see fringe) 

outside: (prep.) mhirrav 

overseer: (n.) challh 

owner: (n.) rhaetelh 

~P~

pain: (n.) uan 

palace: (n.) khfau 

pants: (n.) fvalo 

passcard: (n.) luiish'dameral, luishda (shorthand) 

passion: (n.) sahe (sometimes used as a love-name) 

patrol: (n.) efwrohin 

peace: (n.) saith 

person: (n.) rhadam (pl. rhadi) 

phaser: (n.) hyakk, ie'yyak (several), iehyyak (multiple) 

physics: (n.) yhfir'afwe (as in the science) 

pin: (n.) botaa (a small item worn on clothing with special significance, such as a rank pin) 

place: (n.) ta (general concept of a position or state of being) 

plain: (adj.) ojmhi 

plains: (n.) aihai 

planet: (n.) rehvie 

plasma: (n.) thoyefvh (ionized gas) 

plastic: (n.) ouwefvh 

platoon: (n.) A unit of ~64 soldiers 

poetry: (n.) ahkssar 

poison: (n.) fvaypih (Not of natural origin, like venom or plant secretions, or processed variations of
those); ghoyiph (Of natural origin, see above) 

polygonal: (adj.) thollghun 

position: (n.) ta (general concept of a place or state of being) 

power: (n.) dhiarhe (political/economic) 

praetor: (n.) fvillha (lit. landmaster) 

praetorate: (n.) fvillhaih 

predator: (n.) hatham [hathan], (poss. hathem [hathin]) 

prepare: (v.) mos 

pressure: (n.) fvairhe (influence) 

principal: (adj.) daise 

printout: (n.) huadet' 

prisoner: (n.) th'ann, "the prisoner" th'ann-a 

professor: (n.) vaed'rehai 

protector: (n.) rokhelh 

pump: (v.) ahta 

puncture: (v.) dva 

purple: (adj.) shaeni 

~Q~

quadrant: (n.) nfaiistur 

quantum: (adj.) fvullhajun 

quarter: (n.) ihmne 

quarters: (n.) hfeh'rhe (personal room) 

quickly: (adv.) choch 

~R~

rain: (v.) iobh 

rash: (adj.) ehlei (as of actions not thought through well, etc.) 

reach: (n.) tamh 

reason: (n.) afw'ein (use of one's faculties, not as in excuse, cause, etc.) "without -", ehl'ein 

red: (adj.) mneani 

reddish-brown: (adj.) mneihy 

region: (n.) kalanam 

release: (v.) vnai 

repair: (n.) etrafv, "state of -" etrafvir 

representative: (n.) lleifven (lit. speaker) 

request: (n.) sthea 

restaurant: (n.) dinglh 

ride: (v.) irhufv 

river: (n.) atlai (a large river), bhoewen (a smaller river, but larger than a stream) 

road: (n.) latas (path, conceptual as well), eyhon (street) 

room: (n.) rhe (general) 

root: (n.) fvhuy 

romulan: (n.) rihannsu (as a people), rihanha or rihanna (as individuals), either one as adjective
depending on whether the item is related to all people or few or one of them. 

round: (adj.) fapevha 

row: (n.) fhaihuhhru (colloq.) (About the same affect as 'Brouhaha') 

rule: (v.) mnhei 

ruler: (n.) mnheian 

run: (v.) yhfivrii 

runner: (n.) fhuokha (as in one who carries messages) 

~S~

salty: (adj.) imtemh 

salutations: (n.) shaoi 

sand: (n.) khaa 

sash: (n.) ssejfe (Garment worn over the shoulder) 

scanner: (n.) salihnd'yael (technical), salihnir (common shorthand) 

science: (n.) afwe 

sciences: (n.) vriafwe (used to describe all sciences taken as a whole) 

screen: (n.) uashorr, "- off" ta'khoi, "- on" ta'rhae 

second: (n.) ihnerha 

secret: (adj.) irruhah 

sector: (n.) stelai 

security: (n.) dheno (used in the general sense as well as to apply to individuals or an organization,
'Mehru dheno!' Call security!) 

see: (v.) hnafirh 

seek: (v.) gallhej 

seeker: (n.) galan (normally only used as proper noun), khallianen (more common, one who seeks) 

seize: (v.) rrhaul 

selection: (n.) miin (implies a selection made out of several possible choises) 

senate: (n.) deihuit, "- building" deihu'kri, "- chambers" deihu'rhe 

senior: (adj.) el 

serve: (v.) aihrrei 

servant: (v.) hfai [hfehan] ( poss. hfenh [hfenhen] ) 

service: (n.) aihrifv (as in type of job or occupation) 

sharp: (adj.) umhi 

she-wolf: (n.) susse'thrai 

ship: (n.) khina (more specifically, starship, since rihannsu do not use such terms for naval vessels,
having never developed a navy) 

shirt: (n.) ussibh (usu. a long-sleeved undergarment) 

sibling: (n.) ravsam [ravsai], (poss. ravsem [ravsin] ) 

sickbay: (n.) bvoeh'rhe or hifvai'rhe 

sickness: (n.) hiakhmne 

silly: (adj.) lhamhe 

silver: (n.) lhohnu 

silver-coloured: (adj.) lhohnu'ey 

simple: (adj.) ojmhi 

sir: (n.) rekkhai (formal term of address, in the Military, it is far more proper to address superiors by
rank, but if rank is not known this is acceptable) 

sit: (v.) tharon 

slander: (v.) thomhtaa (colloq.) 

slowly: (adv.) rawn 

sky: (n.) ralaar 

sky-blue: (adj.) steki 

small: (adj.) saj 

smell: (n.) mhafv 

smell: (v.) iuke 

sneak: (n.) llaudh (a sneaky person, not always an insult in reference to rihannsu people or culture) 

soldier: (n.) allhka (conscripted); gekha (fighter, not conscript) 

something: (n.) krehii 

song: (n.) teelis 

soon: (n.) krowert 

sour: (adj.) ilemifv 

space: (n.) aeleir (as in the final frontier) 

speaker: (n.) akhitha (one who speaks on behalf of others) 

spear: (n.) shianev 

speech: (n.) enudh (as in a monologue); fafvonn (as in communication) 

spit: (v.) thomhtaa 

spiral: (v.) eyaa (to fall in a circular fashion) 

spoon: (n.) ssaollh 

spring: (n.) urhik (the season) 

square: (adj.) difuorh 

stand: (v.) gen 

star: (n.) saeihr 

starship: (n.) khina 

start: (v.) rhae 

stay: (v.) beest 

steal: (v.) nnaekhan 

steel: (n.) fveik 

steel, colour of: (adj.) fveik'ey 

stick: (n.) aumh 

stock: (n.) suvchagh 

stone: (n.) jorreh 

stomach: (n.) moht'soh (medical), mohtiri (common) 

storm: (n.) hveikhenn 

street: (n.) khfiya (as in a city, see also 'road') 

strength: (n.) us 

strike: (v.) arhbeu 

subway: (n.) yhfi-ss'ue (travel tube system, sometimes above ground as well) 

sufficient: (adj.) llilla'hu 

summer: (n.) mhia 

summon: (v.) mehre (Call forth) 

sun: (n.) eisn (home-sun), eihss (generic) 

superior: (n.) kon 

support: (v.) rrhanh 

suprising: (adj.) eghadh 

surrender: (v.) sorifvh 

surround: (v.) thraefvai 

swamp: (n.) urrobafv 

swarm: (n.) sindari 

swarm: (v.) ghalai 

sweet: (adj.) eaha (sweet-tasting, not used as a compliment. Such action could lead to bodily harm.) 

swift: (n.) delon (a swift person or thing) 

swift: (adj.) yhea 

sword: (n.) sienov 

swordsman (or swordswoman): (n.) sienovan (In fact, the more literal translation would be
'swordswoman' for cultural accuracy, but since the more common english term is 'swordsman' it is
thus listed here.) 

~T~

take: (v.) nnaen 

talon: (n.) tagor 

taste: (v.) mhir 

tax: (n.) nnefi (also tith, toll) 

teacher: (n.) afweirrea 

tell: (v.) lloveu (as in a story) 

tenday: (n.) dhaei (Equivalent in concept to a week, a period of ten days.) 

territory: (n.) hveillh 

thanks: (n.) khnai'ra, "thank you" to inferior (formal) khnai'ra rhissiuy, to superior (formal) khlinae
arhem 

that: (pron.) aeu (nearbly object), aou (distant object) 

the: (article) na 

them: (n.) lloann, lloan'na is "one of them" 

then: (conj.) ja (see if)

there: (n.) ju (as a statement of satisfaction or completion), mhra (as a location, explicitly seperate
from 'here') 

thin: (adj.) ekhe 

thing: (n.) kreh 

third: (n.) erhwi 

this: (pron.) elet (as an event, intangible. "This is an outrage!" referring to the situation in general), tivh
(as an object, "Where did you find this?"), "- is" aihr 

today: (n.) shad elet (this day; formal), eisll (common) 

tomorrow: (n.) shad onre (next day; formal), eisifv (common) 

tooth: (n.) eth 

tower: (n.) aoll 

transfer: (v.) maeyer 

trail: (n.) ihoiy 

traitor: (n.) vang'radam 

transportation: (n.) yhfillain (sometimes shortened to yhfi') 

transporter: (n.) hteij (common), talasagam h'sarin (technical), "transporter room" hteij'rhe 

travel: (v.) havra 

tree: (n.) rreinnte 

triangular: (adj.) hullillh 

trousers: (n.) fvalo 

true: (adj.) lyreth, (n.) "true one" lyretha 

truly: (adv. and conj.) rhe (arch. 'Verily'), "Is it -?" rhe've 

trustworthy: (adj.) tafv (Also a proper name, One who is trustworthy) 

truth: (n.) lyret 

tunic: (n.) ughi 

turbolift: (n.) yhfi'etrehh 

~U~

understand: (v.) ssuaj, ssuej-d'ifv "Do you understand? (S-I)", ssuaj-ha "I understand. (I-S)" 

unexpected: (adj.) eghadh 

unsatisfactory: (adj.) fvakh 

until: kharhifv 

use: (v.) rhudh 

uykirrh: (n.) injustice

~V~ 

value: (n.) arrhe (monetary value, worth-in-cash only) 

vegetable: (n.) ssalli 

vengeance: (n.) kholhr 

victory: (n.) hraikhina 

vigilant: (adj.) fveirrolh 

~W~

walk: (v.) yhfiri 

wall: (n.) honn 

want: (v.) rruieh 

war: (n.) akh 

warm: (adj.) pokot 

warrior: (n.) llaisnen 

watch: (v.) manduk 

watchful: (adj.) mandukar 

water: (n.) aekhhwi 

weapon: (n.) anofv, anofv-sen (bladed), anofv-ihl (projectile), anofv-oann (blunt) 

weaponsmaster: (n.) Rianov (a position held by a family member in a household, once literal in
charge of weapons procurement and battle planning, now largely honorary.) 

wedge: (v.) avsta 

welcome: (interj.) aefvadh 

what: (adj. interrog.) hre , hre va "What else?","What more?" (pron. interrog.) vah, vah-udt "What
[is your] rank?", vah hrenn? "What [is] that?". 

when: (adv. and conj.) rhifv 

where: (adv.) vikha, (conj.) vikra 

white: (adj.) aye 

who: (adv. and conj.) vaeha 

why: (adv.) veir, (conj.) vehr 

wide: (adj.) fothi 

wind: (n.) talus 

winged: (adj.) ael (also a proper name) 

wing: aen (as a wing of a bird), vastam (as a line, group, or branch. Literally, 'flightreach') 

winter: (n.) tuaq 

worker: (n.) fvehai 

world: (n.) rehvie 

worm: (n.) kllhe 

worth: (n.) aerreh (as usefulness, or value besides monetary) 

wounded: (adj.) batlem 

write: (v.) aepha (creative act); ovhshau (noncreative, simply to record in writing) 

writing: (n.) haud (noncreative)

~Y~ 

year: (n.) fvheisn (lit 'Sunround'), a period of 380 calendar days, or 381.3 days taken for ch'Rihan
and ch'Havran to complete a revolution about Eisn. 

yellow: (adj.) isneih 

yes: (adv.) au'e (emphatic: "Oh yes!"), ie, daie (definite: "Of course.", "Certainly") 

yesterday: (n.) eisran 

you: (n.) hwio, pl. hwian 

young: (adj.) aihsa 

your: (adj.) hwai, pl. hwaen 

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